Snake awareness is important in protecting you and your family from snake bites.
- Be aware of the dangers, know the signs of snakes and take steps to avoid them.
- ‘Proof’ your home and garden.
- Know the symptoms and appropriate treatment.
Types of Venomous Snake Bites
CYTOTOXIC – An agent or process that is toxic to cells and suppresses cell function or causes cell death.
HAEMOTOXIC – An agent or process that kills red blood cells and prevents clotting resulting in internal and external bleeding.
NEUROTOXIC – An agent or process that is destructive or deadly to nerves or nervous tissue.
Where You Might Find Snakes
- Reptile Habitats – Nature reserves of heathland or rough grassland, disused quarries, large allotments, large derelict urban sites or sunny road and railway embankments with scrub cover.
- Garden Features – Wood, rock or rubble piles, rockeries, ponds, long grass areas and shrubs.
- Sunny Areas – Sun trap areas with lots of vegetation cover and places to shelter.
- Gardens, parks or other grassed areas – Be prepared to find reptiles if you lift up debris or are near features such as hedges, ponds, compost heaps and areas of long grass.
Deter Snakes From Entering Your Property
Mow grass regularly to keep it short.
Clear low growing plants and shrubs that provide cover.
Remove rockeries, debris, wood or log piles. Keep compost heaps in a sealed bin.
Fill holes that they can hide in – under sheds, patios and walls.
Putting close fitting fences or walls around ponds can be a deterrent.
Seen a snake ?
Do not worry Ecopoise’s team of experts are qualified for the capture and removal of snakes.
Do’s and Don’ts of Treating Snake Bite
If no symptoms have occurred within half an hour of the bite then indications would be that it was not a venomous snake, it failed to inject any venom or the snake was very old and had little or no venom left.
- Try to identify the snake; colour, size, shape of head, attacking method are useful.
- Loosen the Victim’s clothing and move them in to the shade.
- Keep the victim calm and still; movement will increase blood flow and transport the venom to the heart much faster.
- Immobilise the limb but do NOT restrict blood flow unless you are certain the bite was from a snake that delivers neurotoxic venom.
- Clean and dress the wound being careful not to apply pressure and cause bruising.
- Be prepared to administer CPR if necessary.
- Get the victim to a hospital quickly.
While there can be differences of opinion as to what we should do for snake bites the consensus of opinion as to what not to do is reasonably consistent:
- Allow the victim to exercise or stress themselves.
- Cut the bite or attempt to suck the venom out.
- Give the victim anything to eat or drink especially alcohol.
- Use potassium permanganate crystals or solution near or on the bite wound.
- Use soapy water round the bite wound.
- Leave pressure bandages on too long.
- Leave the victim alone.
- Apply ice to the wound.
- Soak the affected limb in any solutions.